Vast quantities of gas are produced in conjunction with petroleum production. This associated petroleum gas particularly contains methane. It is still not utilised in large quantities and is typically combusted (flared) near the production site, vented directly or else released into the atmosphere through leakage. The global flaring volumes of associated gas declined by 15% between 2005 and 2010, but have been hovering at a level of approximately 140 million m3 ever since.
This electricity market analysis shows that the too rigid operating system of the lignite and nuclear power plants leads to high electricity export surpluses in Germany. The coal-fired power plants are operated in a more variable way, but their capacity reduction ability is not enough to achieve a balanced supply and demand situation in the electricity market in case of high wind energy and PV feed. For this, the output of the lignite and nuclear power plants would have to be adapted much more closely to the generation of electricity from renewable energies.
Greenhouse gas emissions, environmental consequences and socioeconomic effects
The German Renewable Energy Federation (BEE), together with the German Biofuels Industry Association (VDB), requested a study on the effects of the production of fossil fuel. Results confirmed that petroleum production will continue to produce increasing environmental damage in the future, and that countries rich in petroleum resources suffer very negative social and economic consequences.
This short study examines whether biofuels replace the production of marginal crude oil resources. For this purpose the factors that influence the substitution process are determined and short-term, medium-term and long-term effects are considered. The study examines the period of 2007-2030
Study about risks of the fossil energy resources and the reduction of conflict potentials through the transfer to renewable energies.